Master of International Humanitarian Law

This master aims at qualifying university graduates in various fields of International Humanitarian Law as well as personnel working in humanitarian field, by providing them with the knowledge and skills that enable them to enhance their capacities in the field of human rights protection during armed conflicts. These are provided by the rules of international [...]

This master aims at qualifying university graduates in various fields of International Humanitarian Law as well as personnel working in humanitarian field, by providing them with the knowledge and skills that enable them to enhance their capacities in the field of human rights protection during armed conflicts. These are provided by the rules of international humanitarian law and the understanding of the mechanisms of applying the rules of this law, the methods of dealing with violations at the national and international levels, and the development of their skills in dealing with protected groups; and enabling graduates to link concepts and theoretical studies, with the practical practice of the provisions of this law.

Upon completing the Master, the graduate will be able to:

  • Define the nature of the international humanitarian law, its origin, its development, its basic principles and its main sources.
  • Define the scope of the application of the IHL, people protected by it and the defined aspects of their protection.
  • Compare international humanitarian law with other similar laws, in particular the international human rights law and international criminal law.
  • Identify types of armed conflict (international or non-international) and the provisions associated with each.
  • Define violations of international humanitarian law, their legal adaptation, methods of criminalization, and criminal liability.
  • Recall the mechanisms for the application of the international humanitarian law at the international and national levels and the measures to be taken to respect and ensure respect for the rules of the international humanitarian law.
  • Outline the basic concepts of the international human rights law, the rights protected under it, the regional, national, and international protection mechanisms and the role of the concerned United Nations systems.
  • Ability to remember the legal rules governing international armed conflicts (land, sea and air) and the concepts related to non-international armed conflicts.
  • Define the most important contemporary international issues and problems, and the challenges associated with them; and their adaptation in accordance with the rules of the international humanitarian law and foreseeing their future.
  • Identify legal problems on the national and international level, identify the roles of the concerned parties, and the role of the United Nations systems and specialized international organizations in addressing the issues at hand.
  • Analyze the rules of international and customary humanitarian law, linking them to international and non-international armed conflicts and harmonizing them with the national laws.
  • Describe the violations of international humanitarian law, their legal adaptation, their linkage to the rules of criminal responsibility in international criminal law, and procedures for accountability and criminal prosecution at the national and international levels.
  • Recognize international legal rules for the protection of human rights that must be applied to international armed conflicts: (international humanitarian law), and distinguish them from the legal rules applicable in time of peace (international human rights law).
  • Classify armed conflicts (international or non-international) and recognize the differences between the classifications and the legal rules applicable to them.
  • Analyze the contemporary challenges of international humanitarian law, the ability to extract, infer and deepen, adapt and discuss legal arguments in support of its findings.
  • Assess national laws and international legal rules, develop them in line with contemporary international conflicts, confront challenges through practice, and apply the rules of international humanitarian law.
  • Analyze and evaluate the role of the United Nations systems and international humanitarian organizations in the protection of human rights in peacetime and during armed conflicts and their mechanisms of action.
  • Use the rules of the international humanitarian law and the rules of international human rights law in accordance with the scope of their application.
  • Apply the mechanisms of international humanitarian law of all kinds.
  • Classify armed conflicts, whether international or non-international, and the provisions applicable to them.
  • Adapt international crimes, violations of international humanitarian law, and specialized courts for consideration.
  • Assess contemporary international issues and problems related to international humanitarian law.
  • Harmonize national legislation with international conventions on human rights.
  • Document violations of international humanitarian law and support them with appropriate legal evidence and rules.

The first stage - Compulsory courses 72 Credits

1
Scientific Research Methodology

Research Methods and Scientific Methodology course aims to introduce students to the different models of ways to carry out useful legal research. Students will acquire knowledge about the design, methodology and techniques of scientific research, data collection, analysis and interpretation, and the use of research data in order to reach logical results that address the research problem. This course will help each student develop their ability to use this knowledge to become more effective as a legal researcher.

The curriculum’s inputs include: the form and type of knowledge, learners’ characteristics, needs, tendencies and interests, society’s philosophy, values, hopes and aspirations. The outputs of the curriculum are: knowledge, skills, and attitudes. 

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2
International humanitarian law

The course focuses on the general theory of international humanitarian law on the following topics: - Introducing the concept of international humanitarian law, its origin, development, basic principles, and sources, - Customary international humanitarian law. Determining the legal nature of the rules of international humanitarian law, and distinguishing it from other similar laws such as international human rights law and international criminal law. The scope of application of inhumane international law and the scope of personal and spatial protection through the identification of protected persons, and protected objects and property. Defining violations of international humanitarian law and their legal adaptation, and methods of criminalizing violations in national law. Mechanisms for applying international humanitarian law internationally and nationally. Measures to be taken to respect and ensure respect for international humanitarian law. Application of international humanitarian law.

3
International organizations

This course aims to introduce international organizations in general and organizations working in the humanitarian field in particular, and research their components, types, and organs, their work mechanism, rights and duties, responsibilities, and powers, the role of organizations working in the humanitarian field during armed conflicts, and the application of international humanitarian law, especially getting to know the International Committee The Red Cross, as a specialized humanitarian organization, has the right to follow up on the application and dissemination of the rules of international humanitarian law and its mechanism of action.

4
International law of public liberties and human rights

The course aims to provide the student with the necessary knowledge and skills related to the concept of human rights at the international and local levels, through: - Giving a general idea of ​​public rights and freedoms. The emergence and development of the concepts of human rights and their intellectual, philosophical and legal basis. – The emergence and development of international human rights law and the international organization of human rights in the era of the United Nations – Sources and characteristics of human rights. Rights protected in international human rights law. The role of the United Nations organs and the Human Rights Council in protecting human rights. – International protection of human rights, and a statement of contractual and non-contractual mechanisms for their protection. - Regional protection of human rights and its organs. – Supervising and controlling the implementation of international human rights law – The relationship between international human rights law and domestic laws.

5
Advanced Studies in Diplomatic Law and Consular Relations

Inputs: Diplomatic relations constitute an aspect of international relations, whose rules have been established as a result of international practices that have turned into international norms, so written rules. The role of diplomatic work in international relations should be defined, and the established legal rules in international relations should be clarified, and their impact on states’ interactions with each other, regardless of the nature of these relations (friendly or unfriendly). In addition, diplomatic rules are no longer based on customary practices only, but have a consensual origin through the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (as well as the consular aspect of international relations). Inputs Studying the course enables the student to deal with the vocabulary of diplomacy and answer the following questions: What is meant by diplomatic law? What are the sources of the rules of diplomatic law? What is the relationship between diplomatic law and international law? Who are the workers in the diplomatic field? How is a diplomatic envoy accredited? What is the diplomatic mission made of? What are the duties and functions of diplomatic missions and diplomatic envoys, and what are the duties of a diplomatic envoy? What are diplomatic immunities and privileges? What are the reasons for the end of the diplomatic mission? What are the consequences of the end of the diplomatic mission? How did consular relations develop? What are consular missions formed? Vocabulary: – Defining diplomatic and consular relations. The development of diplomatic and consular relations. Exchange of diplomatic and consular representation. Diplomatic and consular relations bodies. Conditions for selecting a diplomatic and consular representative. Duties and duties of diplomatic and consular representatives. Diplomatic and consular privileges and immunities. Cases of termination of diplomatic and consular missions.

6
Advanced Studies in Public International Law

The course aims to provide the student with a body of knowledge related to public international law in terms of introducing it and its components and its various stages of development, and clarifying its specificity and the legal nature of its rules, and the relationship between it and internal law. The course shows the original, deductive and backup sources of international law and the distinction between them, as well as international law persons such as states, international organizations and individuals, with a focus on the role of international governmental and non-governmental organizations.

Optional courses 24 Credits

1
Law of Armed Conflict

- Definition of the international law of armed conflict: Hague law - The concept of the law of international armed conflict: definition, combatant, prisoner of war, civilian - Legal rules governing armed conflicts on land, air, and sea - Law of occupation - The concept of neutrality in war: the rights and duties of a neutral state - The concept of protector states and alternatives - the concept of armed conflicts not of an international character: definition, combatant, combatant, civilian. - The difference between a non-international armed conflict and a civil war - Customary legal rules governing non-international armed conflicts - Legal rules governing non-international armed conflicts according to Additional Protocol II of 1977.

2
Contemporary international issues

The course deals with contemporary international issues and problems that threaten international peace and security under the new international order, with a focus on the problems of the Arab region and the Middle East. Among the most important of these issues are the Palestinian cause, the Arab-Zionist conflict, conflicts over water and energy sources, regional, ethnic and religious wars, border problems, and the phenomenon of cross-border terrorism. The course includes issues of a global nature such as the issue of food security, the arms race and proliferation, illegal immigration, international crises and mechanisms for their resolution, dialogue of civilizations, globalization and the future of the international community. It also includes, in particular, current topics related to international humanitarian law such as contemporary diplomacy, and the role of non-governmental organizations. In humanitarian work and the development of the rules of public international law.

3
International Refugee Law

The International Refugee Law course aims to familiarize students with the legal frameworks for the protection enjoyed by asylum seekers and refugees at the international level. While the course focuses mainly on the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, it does not neglect to highlight the alternative international protection system that international human rights law provides to asylum seekers. This course will provide students with a broad knowledge of international refugee law, which will enable them to address various refugee issues.

4
International law of resort to force

The historical development of the concept of the prohibition of war. Aggression and its forms. Legitimate self-defense traditional theory. Proactive self-defense. Preventive self-defense. Collective security theory. Global and regional international organizations and the use of armed force. Military alliances and the legality of using armed force against others.

5
International Criminal Law

The course focuses on international criminal law, especially the following topics: - Defining the concept of international criminal law, its origin and development, and its sources - Defining the legal nature of the rules of international criminal law, and distinguishing it from other similar laws such as international humanitarian law, international human rights law and international criminal law, - International crimes , and its types. – International criminal responsibility – International criminal justice, its development and types, – The International Criminal Court.

6
Advanced Studies in International Relations

The course includes an introduction to the student about the development of international relations concepts and theories, and the problems facing the creation of an integrated scientific theory of international relations. The course includes the study of realist theories (power), behavioral theories (systems), and ideal theories (international organizations). It also includes the study of theories of external decision-making, theories of international conflict, its causes, how to manage it, and intervention to solve it.

The curriculum’s inputs include: the form and type of knowledge, learners’ characteristics, needs, tendencies and interests, the society’s philosophy, values, hopes and aspirations. The outputs of the curriculum are: knowledge, skills, and attitudes.

The second stage - Practical Training 30 Credits

1
Practical Training

In practical training, the student is assigned to teach a virtual course chosen by the college from among the courses studied by the student at the bachelor's level. The student should divide this course from twelve to fourteen brief lectures. The student presents each lecture in the form of a written summary of its topic in Word or PDF format, accompanied by a video recording of it with the student's voice using Power Point, the duration of which is no less than ten minutes and not more than about twenty minutes.

The thrid stage - Master's Thesis 54 Credits

1
Master’s Thesis

The student submits a request to the university administration to register a master’s thesis, along with a proposed topic in one of the subspecialty tracks.

● If the initial approval of the subject title is achieved, the college council will designate a supervisor to guide and follow up the student in preparing the plan.

● The research plan includes the importance of the topic and a critical presentation of previous studies in it, specifically the research problem, then defining the study's curriculum and its main hypotheses or questions that you want to answer, and the division of the study and its sources.

● The student presents his proposed plan in a scientific seminar, discussing the plan as a topic and an approach.

● The student adjusts his plan based on the professors' observations in the seminar if he is asked to amend.

● After the seminar, the plan is presented to the college council to take its decision regarding the registration of the subject.

● In the event of approval, the college council’s decision is presented to the university council to approve registration, and the registration date is calculated from the university council’s approval date

To study a master’s degree at International Suleiman College, applicants must have an undergraduate degree from an accredited university. At International Suleiman College, we believe that a bachelor's degree is no longer enough to compete in the labor market, so we offer high-quality postgraduate programs for anyone who has a bachelor's degree and wishes to achieve their academic and research ambitions.
International Suleiman College provides a study commensurate with the student's capabilities, especially in line with the time allotted daily for study, given that the master's student has practical and social responsibilities. We expect fully taught students to be able to obtain a master's degree within two academic years. We expect students studying partially to be able to obtain a master's degree within 3-4 years of study.
The academic year is divided into four semesters. In each semester, the student is allowed to register a maximum of two research courses and one minimum course with a maximum of 24 credit hours and a minimum of 12 credit hours. Classes are distributed as follows: • The first semester begins at the beginning of the third week of October and ends at the end of the third week of December. • The second semester begins at the beginning of the first week of January and ends at the end of the first week of March. • The third semester begins at the beginning of the second week of March and ends at the end of the second week of May. • The fourth semester begins at the beginning of the fourth week of May and ends at the end of the fourth week of July. • Summer vacation begins at the beginning of August and continues for the third week of October. • After the end of each semester, a two-week vacation is scheduled between semesters.
The tuition fee is £75 per credit hour, • Students are allowed to register a maximum of 24 credit hours each semester and 12 credit hours as a minimum. • The student pays a one-time enrollment fee of 200 pounds when registering with the ISC • The student pays 100 sterling pounds per semester as the registration fee for study subjects. • The iddat hour = four actual hours.
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