BA of Laws

The study of law is one of the important studies that all societies need, given that societies, in their construction, structure and stability, need a judge, lawyer, prosecutor, director, and many other important places that need a legal student of law. This college is a distinguished educational and research institution that aims to prepare distinguished [...]

The study of law is one of the important studies that all societies need, given that societies, in their construction, structure and stability, need a judge, lawyer, prosecutor, director, and many other important places that need a legal student of law.
This college is a distinguished educational and research institution that aims to prepare distinguished legal graduates in the field of legal studies and qualified to be distinguished cadres in the field of justice, law, legal departments, companies and banks, whether in government or private sectors.
Vision :
Raising the academic scientific level of law students at the level of politics, economy and society by raising the legislative level, starting with the study of the constitution and political systems, in addition to legislation and general laws in the field of administration, international relations, public and private international law and financial sciences, in addition to special legislation and laws such as civil law, commercial law and due process. In addition to the principles of implementation, social legislation, civil and penal assets, criminal sciences and everything related to law and its sciences according to the methodology of scientific research in order to qualify those working in the field of law and to find centers for arbitration and dispute resolution and advisory centers to reach the legislative elites that cover societies with complete distinction to the idea of ​​justice that stems from the idea of ​​right and duty

Key features of the course

  • Developing the sciences, mental and practical abilities that are important to students to enter the field of law in the business sectors or graduate studies and scientific research.
  • Effective practice as a specialist in law and justice.
  • Communicate effectively with colleagues, as members or as leaders in multidisciplinary teams.
  • Encouraging undergraduate students to continue with higher studies, to provide the community with highly qualified and competent cadres.
  • Encouraging students to pursue scientific research according to the scientific research methodology.

1
Introduction to distance learning

The course “Introduction to Distance Learning” deals with the difference between classroom teaching and distance learning, whether technically resulting from the use of new tools, or in terms of student and supervisor duties and methods of work. At the end of this course, the student should be able to: 1. Know distance learning and its difference from distance education or e-learning; 2. Distinguish the difference between virtual learning and formal education; 3. Mastering virtual learning tools; 4. Know the duties of the student and the duties of the supervisor in virtual learning.

2
General Penal Code I (crime theory)

Input: includes a definition of criminal law, in general, and comparative penal law in particular, and studies its development and objectives, with a focus on clarifying the nature of the crime, its types and elements.

Outputs The importance of the course: The Penal Code reflects the development of penal thought and its philosophy, which is based on the principle of legality of crimes and penalties. The Penal Code is distinguished by its sources that depend mainly on written rules, and the feature of their application in terms of time and place, which requires studying the concept of crime and determining its causes, elements, types and development throughout history. To be familiar with the basic principles contained in the Penal Code and to explain the reasons that necessitated the legislator to criminalize some prohibited behavior that the law classifies in several categories according to criteria determined by the directions of the penal policy of this or that country, which paves the way for determining the criminal responsibility for committing crimes and imposing punishment against the perpetrators and those involved in them.

Vocabulary: - Philosophy of penal thought - Definition of penal law - Sources of penal law - Interpretation of penal law - Application of penal law - The principle of legality of crimes and penalties - The principle of non-retroactivity of the Penal Code - The principle of territoriality of the Penal Code - The concept of crime and its types - Elements of crime and its attempt

3
Political economy

Inputs Focus on many economic concepts and define the concept and scope of economics and the economic problem and how to distribute economic resources to different uses and through the study of the curriculum of economics and economic laws and economic doctrines and economic systems and the development of economic theory through the study of commodity and money and the law of value and money and its role in the national economy And wages and study competition law and forms of competition in economic systems. It is necessary to research the new global economic system, economic blocs, international financial institutions, the World Trade Organization and multinational companies. Outputs: deepening the information of the law program students in the principles of economics from various aspects related to giving an in-depth knowledge of the scientific and practical side by studying practical aspects about carrying out economic activities, especially the rights generated by it when establishing and practicing economic activities and their role in the national economy Evidence of achieving outcomes can be It should be in the form of research seminars, an oral exam, a written exam, and the research seminars should be within the vocabulary of the course and enhance the practical aspect of the course vocabulary and enhance the student’s research and practical experience. . Vocabulary: 1 Introduction to economics 2. Capitalist economic system 3. Competition capitalism - monopoly capitalism. 4. The new world economic order. 5. International economic blocs.

4
Introduction to legal science

Inputs: The study of the science of law requires defining the scientific foundations on which it is based in explaining its characteristics that distinguish it from other sciences, and explaining the idea of ​​the legal rule and its subsequent provisions within the framework of the general theory of right.

Outputs: Clarifying the rights of individuals and society and providing them with an initial legal culture that helps them to study in depth the various aspects of the science of law that legislates rights, defines their boundaries, imposes their guarantees, and consolidates the idea of ​​the relationship between law and right.

Vocabulary: - the general theory of right - the definition of the legal base - the relationship of law with other sciences - the sources of law - the interpretation of law - the application of the law - the natural and legal person - the concept of things and money.

5
Public international law

Inputs: Controlling international relations needs a set of legal rules that should govern the behavior of international persons in their mutual relations. Undoubtedly, the history of international relations is full of various models, the old of which are similar to the modern in terms of form, and they differ from each other in terms of foundation and content. Therefore, the international rules governing contemporary relations should be determined, as well as the people to whom these rules address, and then the aspects of international relations in light of those legal rules in peace and war. Outputs: The student has a variety of knowledge about the rules of international relations. The student should clarify the differences between international relations in ancient times and contemporary international relations by setting a temporal basis for existing international law. The student learns the relationship between international law and domestic law, with research on the basis of the mandatory rules of international law, and the sources of this law. On the other hand, the student has knowledge of the persons of international law who are addressed by international rules, especially states and international organizations, with the problem of the individual’s status in this law and the development that has occurred in his legal status. The student also learns about the aspects of international relations in peace and war, so he has knowledge of treaty relations, diplomacy, the international sphere, methods of settling international disputes by legal or political means, peaceful or violent. Vocabulary: - generalities in international law - what is international law - nature of international law - theories related to the binding basis of international law rules. The relationship between international law and domestic law. Persons of international law: – States – international organizations – the individual – International relations: – International treaties – Diplomatic and consular relations – International scope – Settlement of international disputes.

6
Computer driver’s license

The International Computer Driving License (ICDL) course is an internationally recognized measure of proficiency in computer skills. The "International Computer Driving License - ICDL" course also ensures that the holder has knowledge and proficiency in the use of a personal computer at a basic level. At the end of this course, the student should be able to: 1. Know the concepts of information technology; 2. Computer proficiency and file management; 3. Proficiency in word processing programs, worksheets, databases, and presentations; 4. Know basic concepts in the field of communications and networks.

7
Public liberties and human rights

Inputs: National legislation, especially the constitutional systems, is full of texts that provide legal protection for the rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals and secure constitutional guarantees for them. International law has also been concerned with human rights issues since the establishment of the United Nations, so the Charter made the promotion of human rights a goal. Numerous announcements were made and many agreements were concluded to achieve that goal. Outputs: Providing legal knowledge of the content of public freedoms and human rights, especially basic rights, and studying how to fortify them with binding rules, which contributes to establishing the rule of law and activating legal protection mechanisms for human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as studying protection mechanisms in the global and regional international community. - Vocabulary: human rights in the internal legal system, including: - The right to freedom. The right to equality. The right to a fair trial. The right to life and physical integrity. Human rights at the international level, including: - Introducing international human rights law. Human rights at the level of global organization (Declaration of 1948 - Covenant 1966 - Specific Rights - International Protection of Human Rights). Human rights at the level of European regional organization (European Convention on Human Rights - European Social Charter).

8
General Penal Code II (crime theory)

Inputs: The Penal Code is one of the most dangerous, important and sensitive legislations because of the consequences it has on the life of the individual and his private and public freedom, and because of what it affects freedom, honor and consideration. The course is loaded on the general theory of penal law, and it discusses the basic principles of the character of a person in a crime, the penal responsibility of a person, the theory of legality, punishment and measure. Outputs: Contribute to understanding the most important basic principles in the general penal code related to the theory of punishment, legality and penal responsibility. The study of the theory of criminal responsibility and punishment contributes mainly to the legal formation of the student, and prepares him to be an experienced jurist capable of understanding and applying penal legislation in a sound application in the field of criminal justice, especially in the field of justice. Vocabulary: - the character of the person in the crime - penal responsibility and its impediments - the theory of legality (reasons for justification) - provisions and types of punishment - precautionary and corrective measures - local and mitigating excuses - aggravating the penalty (aggravating reasons) - suspension and termination of punishment.

9
Principles of Islamic Law

Inputs: Islamic legislation is a major source of legislation in most Islamic countries, and it is characterized by the richness of its rules that regulate religious and worldly affairs. Its jurisprudence schools have contributed to deducing its rulings, interpreting it and clarifying its general rules, which influenced the development of the theory of law and the determination of its contents. Outputs: 1- Familiarity with the sources of legislation 2- Awareness of the scientific reasons that led to the differences of jurists. 3- Getting to know the codified schools of jurisprudence. 4- View the emergence and development of Islamic jurisprudence. Vocabulary: - Introducing the science of jurisprudence and the sources of Islamic legislation. The time periods experienced by the science of Islamic jurisprudence - the codified schools of jurisprudence - the reasons for the differences of jurists - the definition of the science of jurisprudence rules and the explanation of the most important rules of jurisprudence.

10
Social Legislation (Cooperation Legislation)

Inputs: No organized society can continue to survive and grow depending only on the services and expenditures provided by the state to meet the economic and social burdens of the citizen. For this reason, it was necessary to pass some laws and regulations that legislate the phenomenon of cooperation so that it does not deviate from its noble humanitarian goals, namely, to secure an appropriate standard of living for citizens and to contribute to the process of economic and social development.

Outputs: realizing the importance of the cooperative phenomenon and the extent of its success in achieving the goals it seeks, and motivating its encouragement and use as an effective tool for settling many problems that the state and the private sector are sometimes unable to find appropriate solutions to. As well as allowing the search for the optimal legal mechanism for the cooperative sector to play its role effectively - Vocabulary: the importance of cooperation, its emergence and principles - - Consumer cooperative societies - - Rules for forming, managing and controlling consumer cooperative societies. The finances of the cooperative societies and the responsibility of its members - the termination, dissolution and liquidation of the cooperative societies - the housing cooperative societies - - the establishment of the housing cooperative - the management of the housing cooperative - the work of the housing cooperative - the forms of cooperative concentration - - oversight, penalties and lawsuits. – – Exemptions and benefits – – Dissolution and liquidation of the housing cooperative. - Non-governmental organizations.

11
History of the law

The course aims to enable the student to study how the law arose, to know the sources that contributed to the formation of the legal base during the different ages, to know the extent to which the previous nations and peoples reached in terms of progress and prosperity or delay and deterioration, and to understand contemporary legal systems, laws and principles through knowledge of their origins and history. Through the study of the material, the student learns about the origin of law in ancient societies, as the law is not new today. He also learns about the most important legislations of ancient peoples, the sources of their legal base, and the historical origins of many legal rules, as well as a statement of the legal systems that prevailed in ancient societies.

12
Introduction to politics

Inputs: Political science is considered one of the most recent social sciences, and the concepts and issues it deals with are still subject to controversy and controversy between thinkers and politicians. This is due to the modernity of political science, the overlapping of data that constitutes political phenomena, and the researchers' affiliation with different schools of thought. The importance of political science stems from the fact that politics has occupied a distinguished position in today’s world, as it includes various fields of human activity and dominates people’s lives and subject them to its obligations resulting from the regularity within the framework of civil society, meaning that the era in which we live is the era of the prevalence of the political phenomenon in its broadest sense.

Outputs: - Knowing what political science is and the issues it deals with - The student identifies with the purpose of political science - Distinguishing between the theoretical and practical frameworks within which the political leadership moves - Knowing the most prominent schools and political theories - Understanding the liberal school. Understands the socialist school Understands the holistic school Knowing the importance of the method or method in scientific research Knowing the means of scientific research Knowing the goals of scientific research Knowing the components of the state Understanding the basic authorities in the modern state and the mechanism of action of these authorities Distinguishing between forms of states and political systems - Knowing the causes of political conflict - Knowing the active forces: such as political parties, unions, and the military institution - The state, its components and basic powers - Forms of states and political systems Forces and groups - Political experience Historical knowledge of the political experience - Identifying the manifestations and characteristics of political life - Knowing the political scene

Vocabulary: -The development of political science and its relationship to other sciences. - The development of the political phenomenon throughout history - Schools and political theories - Methods and methods of scientific research in politics - The state, its components and basic powers - Forms of states and political systems - Political forces and groups - Political experience.

13
Family laws

Inputs: The set of rules includes the provisions regulated by family laws, and this law regulates issues related to the human person, defines the provisions of engagement and the marriage contract, and tells us about the effects of this contract, and talks about the rights of the spouses, then deals with the talk about divorce and its provisions and types and also defines its forms and effects resulting from Divorce, and deals with childbirth and its effects of lineage, breastfeeding and custody.

Outputs: Clarifying the provisions of contracts in general and distinguishing between contract and engagement, knowing the wife’s rights and duties and the husband’s rights and duties, in a way that achieves balance, harmony and harmony in the family, in addition to clarifying the cases in which the marriage contract cannot continue after making every effort to reform and at that time divorce or separation between the spouses takes place. Either through a repulsive will or through an agreement between the spouses or through a court ruling to that effect.

Vocabulary: - Marriage and its effects - Engagement and its effects. - Provisions of the marriage contract - Effects of marriage - Provisions of divorce and its effects - Divorce, annulment and types of divorce - Divorce by unilateral will: - Divorce by agreement of the spouses (Khulu'ah) - Divorce by virtue of the judge - Divorce by virtue of Sharia and law - Birth and its effects

14
Special Penal Code I (Offences against State Security and Public Administration)

Input: The special section is characterized by being a mirror of the system espoused by the state from the political, social and economic aspects, and therefore we see it changing with the change of time and place. It differs in place according to the criminal policy drawn up by each state in accordance with its circumstances. It varies in time according to the circumstances of one country, which differ from time to time. Outputs: Identification of crimes against people, including attacks on human life or physical integrity “murder and abuse, and crimes against money” theft, fraud and credit abuse. This is in terms of explaining their elements, mitigating and aggravating forms of these crimes, the penalties that are applied to them, the reasons for justification and exemption from punishment, and the local and extenuating excuses. - Vocabulary: simple murder - aggravated murder - extenuating murder - criminal abuse - misdemeanor abuse - unintentional murder - unintentional harm - theft crimes - fraud crimes - credit offenses

15
Introduction to administrative law

Inputs: It includes a set of legal rules aimed at regulating the work of the administration, institutions and public utilities, defining their powers and the limits of their powers, in addition to clarifying the foundations of the administrative organization and its persons. Outputs: Knowledge of the general principles of administrative law as the substantive component of national legislation regulating the work of the executive authority in its administrative aspect, and revitalization of scientific thought to find appropriate solutions to the gaps that administrative work suffers from. - Vocabulary: - Definition of Administrative Law - Emergence of Administrative Law - Development of Administrative Law - Sources of Administrative Law - Application of Administrative Law - Interpretation of Administrative Law - Foundations of Administrative Organization - Persons of Public Administration - Administrative Organization in Syria

16
Civil law sources of obligation

Inputs: The general theory of obligations is based on the principle of the authority of the will, and its most important sources are contracts. The theory contains provisions related to how the civil obligation arises, especially its contractual sources and the conditions, pillars and effects that follow them, as well as a statement of the role of the unilateral will and the provisions of contractual responsibility. Outputs: Familiarity with the voluntary sources of obligations and the most basic principles of civil law, which is the centerpiece of the legal theory and its necessary premise, whether in public or professional life. It forms the main pillar of legal work in various fields. Vocabulary: - the general theory of obligations - the principle of the authority of the will - the pillars of the contract and its effects - the conditions for the validity of the contract - cases of contract dissolution - the invalidity and invalidity of the contract - the termination and annulment of the contract - the concept of unilateral will - contractual responsibility

17
Commercial law (commercial companies)

Outputs: The importance of companies is not limited to their ability to unite efforts and collect the necessary funds to exploit major economic projects. Rather, the company achieves stability and permanence for these projects, which the energy of individuals is unable to achieve, no matter how united and combined their efforts. They establish it, so it does not fall under their financial responsibility, but is attached to the company, so that the right of the partner in the company is to acquire a share or shares in its capital that gives him a right in respect of it that does not focus on all of its money and does not constitute a common share in it, so the money is considered the property of the company and the right of the partner over the company is a right Independently, ranging between a personal right and an intellectual right, that is, the right to an immaterial movable. Outputs: Familiarity with the rules for establishing companies and enabling the student to distinguish between types of companies. It is the price of the ability to know the characteristics of each type, and what are the rights and obligations of the company.. Vocabulary: - - General provisions for companies, by defining companies and their elements and pillars - - Conditions for incorporation of the company - - Types of commercial companies - Transformation and merger of companies - Corporate responsibility for their actions And their actions - corporate dissolution and liquidation

18
Administrative Law II

Inputs: The study of the general foundations of administrative organization is an important entry towards deepening the knowledge of public administration activity and its actions aimed at achieving the public interest, such as issuing decisions, concluding contracts and other administrative actions whose components cannot be understood without addressing the concept of public office. Outputs: A statement of the important role played by the public administration in providing its services and an exploration of the rules governing the performance of the public function. Which helps in the work of the mind and thinking by explaining the advantages of administrative work and proposing legal ways to fix its flaws and loopholes. Vocabulary: - administrative activity - public office - public employee - administrative decisions - administrative contracts - material actions of the administration - administrative control - public administration responsibility

19
Work law

Inputs: The Labor Law is of paramount importance in the life of the group as it regulates the activity of its members and dominates most aspects of this activity, so it was necessary to accurately define its nature and legal nature. How to conclude individual employment contracts and their effects. It has become recognized that similar machines and equipment in factories do not produce similar production in terms of quantity or quality, and the reason for this is due to the human element. And the success of a tourist, industrial, commercial or agricultural establishment does not depend on machinery, raw materials and capital, but on other human factors sponsored by a law that is the labor law. Outputs: Contribute to suggesting legal rules that are compatible with the nature of labor transactions, and enhance guarantees for the worker and the employer. The student is provided with the necessary knowledge and concepts related to the protection of labor relations. And the ability to determine the effects of the labor relationship Vocabulary: - - - general principles of labor law - the individual work contract - - the previous stages of concluding the work contract - - the effects of the work contract for the employer - the effects of the work contract for the worker - - cases of expiration of the work contract - - the effects of the expiry of the contract the work.

20
Civil law provisions of the obligation
9 WEEKS

Inputs: The general theory of obligations includes, in addition to its voluntary sources, other sources outside the principle of relative or absolute authority, such as beneficial or harmful action and unreasonable enrichment. This entails an explanation of the concept of tort liability resulting from the commission of a mistake or the occurrence of damage and responsibility for people and things and other issues that follow them. Outputs: awareness of the legal consequences of involuntary behavior, in addition to understanding the provisions of tort responsibility so that the student understands the basic principles of commitment, which is a basic foundation for legal work, and the necessary legal training for everyone who practices legal work, whether in the field of justice, law or other various fields of life. - Vocabulary: the concept of civil liability - beneficial and harmful act - tort responsibility - responsibility for personal action - responsibility for the work of others - responsibility for things - responsibility of the supervisor - responsibility of the subordinate for the actions of the subordinate - the theory of unreasonable enrichment - payment of the undeserved - the provisions of virtue - Compensation provisions

21
Special Penal Code II Crimes against money and persons

Inputs: In addition to its general rules on the concept of crime and punishment, the special penal code includes some special categories of the most frequent crimes, the most important of which are crimes against state security and public administration. Treating them with special provisions and explaining the reason for the intensification of punishment against the perpetrators and those involved in them. Vocabulary: - crimes against the public administration - crimes against public confidence - crimes against public office - crimes against the internal and external security of the state.

22
Bankruptcy and Protective Composition
23
International Economic Law

Inputs: A study of the nature of international economic law - definition of international economic law and the characteristics of its rules and sources of rules of international economic law The development of rules of international economic law and access to common theories and various applications Branches of international economic law: International commercial law - international financial law - international law for development Study international economic blocs Outputs: The study aims to enable the student to answer a set of the following questions: What is the definition of international economic law? And what are the sources and features of the rules of international economic law? What is the relationship between international economic law and public international law? How did international economic relations develop? What are the common theories and the various applications of them? Studying branches of international economic law (international commercial, international financial and international law for development) and what are international economic blocs? - Vocabulary: What is international economic law - definition - sources - characteristics of rules - - development of international economic relations - popular theories - various applications - - branches of international economic law - international commercial law - international financial law - international law for development - - international economic blocs - International Economic Integration - International Economic Integration

24
Civil law (named contracts)

Inputs: Contracts are one of the most important sources of obligations as they express the principle of the authority of the contracting will and arrange legal obligations towards them. There are countless categories of contracts that differ in their names and the provisions and obligations resulting from them, but the general theory of obligations revolves around a major category of contracts around which the rest of the other obligations hover, and this category is called named or common contracts, the most important of which are sales, lease and barter contracts. Outputs: a study of the basic provisions of the named contracts that form the main basis of the most common obligations in public life, an understanding of the legal mechanism that governs the procedures of their contract, the interpretation of their provisions, how to implement them, and the settlement of disputes arising from them, and this is what constitutes an imperative for anyone interested in this field and of scientific and professional interest. Vocabulary: - Sale contract Concept of sales contract and its characteristics - Pillars of the contract of sale - Private sales - Effects of the sales contract - Lease contract - Concept and characteristics of the lease contract - Elements of the lease - Effects of the lease - Transfer and termination of the lease - Other named contracts

25
Criminal Procedure Code I

Inputs: Most people have become dealing with commercial bonds, in writing, endorsement, acceptance and guarantee...etc, as a means of settling obligations arising from their various transactions, and so it was necessary to organize these bonds with legal provisions and rules that guarantee appropriate protection for their parties in a way that supports confidence in these bonds, which encourages people to deal with them. Hence, the rights seeker should understand the provisions of these commercial attributions in order to serve the commercial environment and those dealing with these attributions. Outputs: - Developing the student's knowledge of commercial bonds, their nature, importance, characteristics and economic functions, introducing the types of commercial bonds and the basic principles of the exchange law.. - Developing the student's knowledge of the bill of exchange and all its legal provisions related to its creation, circulation, guarantees of its fulfillment and how to collect its amount. Develop the student’s knowledge of the promissory note and all its legal provisions related to its creation, circulation, guarantees of its fulfillment, and how to collect its amount. – Developing the student’s knowledge of the check and all its legal provisions related to its creation, circulation, guarantees of its fulfillment and how to collect its amount. Vocabulary: - Importance, definition and types of commercial attributions. Characteristics of commercial bonds and their differentiation from some similar papers. The description of commercial attributions and the economic functions of these attributions. The basic principles of exchange law. 1- Bill of Exchange (the bill of exchange) a- Definition of the bill of exchange, its form and the legal relations between its parties. b- Creating and negotiating the bill of exchange, guarantees of its payment, and provisions for payment. C- Refusal to pay the bill of exchange and exchange return. 2- Promissory note: Defining the promissory note, creating it and applying the provisions of the promissory note to it. 3- Check: the definition of a check, its form, its creation, its circulation, the guarantees of its fulfillment, and the provisions for its fulfillment.

26
Civil Procedure Code I

Outputs: The Code of Procedures includes all procedures related to judicial organization, the conduct of cases and the issuance of judgments, and thus it is a practical translation of the principles and legal rules regulating life affairs, as it contains the procedural principles on which all trials are based, whether before the civil judiciary or in some judicial bodies such as those competent Considering decompression disputes for properties outside the regulatory scheme. Outputs: Consolidation of knowledge of the regulating provisions of the law at the procedural and practical levels. It is not possible for anyone, especially those who work in the field of human rights, such as judges and lawyers, to successfully pursue their professional path without being able to know the procedures of trials and follow up their procedures, as they constitute a necessary condition for the practical application of the principles and rules of the law and the settlement of disputes arising from its interpretation and application of its texts. Vocabulary: - Definition of the Code of Procedure - Characteristics of the Code of Procedure - Conflict of Procedure Laws in Time and Place - Judicial organization and its types - Judges and their assistants - Definition of the case and its characteristics - Types of cases and conditions for their acceptance - Jurisdiction theory - Court theory - Requests and defenses in the case - Entry and intervention in the case Cases - Symptoms of the trial - Suspension and interruption of litigation - Waiver of the case or right

27
Commercial Law IV (Maritime and Air Law)

Inputs: It contains a set of legal rules regulating trade in the field of maritime and air transport of people and goods, in addition to the provisions related to marine and air accidents and the resulting effects that require finding appropriate legal solutions due to the special nature of sea and air trade. Outputs: Knowing the main provisions of the maritime and air commercial law, contributes to supporting the legal information received in the field of land commercial law, and being able to know the rules regulating the work of these two vital facilities in a way that serves the commercial environment, national and international, and helps in settling many disputes related to maritime and air transport. - Vocabulary: Definition of maritime and air law - Sources of maritime and air law - Provisions of sea and air navigation - The legal system of ships and aircraft - The legal system of ports and airports - Maritime and air transport contract - Carrier's responsibility - Marine and air insurance contract - Maritime and air collision provisions - Assistance and rescue system - Marine and air sales

28
Family Laws II

Inputs: It includes a statement of the meaning, types and symptoms of eligibility. Explanation of the meaning of legal prosecution and its types and provisions. Explanation of the meaning of the will and wills and their terms and conditions. Explanation of the meaning of inheritance, its causes, contraindications and provisions. Explanation of the meaning of endowment and its provisions and types. Outputs: Familiarity with the meaning of eligibility and its symptoms and the impact of those symptoms on eligibility of its two types. Understand the meaning of the will and its terms and conditions, legally and legally. Familiarity with the provisions of inheritance and the distribution of the estate to the heirs. Understand the meaning of endowment, its conditions, types, and legal provisions. Vocabulary: - - Definition of capacity and its types and symptoms Definition of legal representation and a statement of its types and provisions. - - Rulings of guardianship over oneself and money - - Rulings of guardianship. - Defining the will and stating its conditions - its impediments and the contention of guardianship. – Definition of inheritance and its causes and contraindications – Inheritance by imposition and impediment – ​​Provisions and types of withholding. - Inheritance of consanguineous relatives, pregnancy and missing persons - Legal definition of endowment, conditions and types.

29
Criminal Procedures Code II

Inputs: Proceeding with the criminal case requires adherence to the procedures related to the principles of evidence and pleadings that are regulated by specific legal provisions, and need a judicial organization that is distinguished in its general structure and procedures from that in place, whether before the civil or administrative judiciary, as well as understanding the concept of judicial police, principles of investigation and referral, trial mechanisms and methods appeal. Outputs: Knowing the foundations of the penal judicial organization, investigation and trial procedures, provides the judge, lawyer, prosecutors and victims with the legal framework to obtain what they see right during the course of the case, and secures the right of the state to impose punishment, and the rights of victims to obtain appropriate compensation. Vocabulary: - criminal judicial organization - criminal jurisdiction - ordinary and exceptional criminal courts - investigative, referral and trial judges - judicial police - rules of evidence in criminal cases - methods of appealing a criminal case - request for retrial - execution of penal judgments

30
Civil Procedure Code II

Inputs: In addition to the provisions relating to the judicial structure, the progress of the case and the procedures of trial, the Code of Procedure contains other texts related to the explanation of the theory of judicial rulings, whether it concerns the issue of sentencing procedures, methods of appeal, or the effects resulting from them. Outputs: The study of the theory of judicial rulings within the scope of the Code of Procedure is an important issue for future judges and lawyers, so that they can connect between theory and reality, and between legal principles and their applications, which enlightens them the path of success in their scientific and professional career. Vocabulary: – Classification of judicial rulings – Definition of ruling and its types – Reasoning for appeal – Interpretation of rulings – Rules for issuing rulings – Methods of appealing rulings – Effects of judicial rulings – Methods of appealing rulings – Appeal – Cassation – Retrial – Objection of others – Other disputes – Power of attorney for litigation and repudiation – Presentation and Deposit - Arbitration

31
Civil law (original real rights)

Inputs: From the provisions of the general theory of obligations, the exercise of rights in kind, original and dependent, that focus on things and money, whether real estate or movables. The original real right has specific characteristics that must be explained within the framework of the general theory of tenure, the most important of which is what is related to property rights, the reasons for earning them, their types, and the restrictions imposed on them. Outputs: Acquisition of legal knowledge of methods of acquiring ownership, drafting and managing contracts, in addition to clarifying some provisions related to ownership, such as foreign ownership of real estate, ownership of agricultural and border real estate and other issues related to the right of ownership, which are matters that a law student must understand in order to be able to exercise his role within the legal framework. . Vocabulary: - Definition of the right in rem - characteristics of the right in rem - possession - the right of ownership and its characteristics - scope of the property right and restrictions on the right of ownership - the concept of movable and its types - the concept of real estate and its types - common ownership - reasons for acquiring ownership - foreign ownership of real estate rights in some countries - Expropriation for public interest - usufruct right - easement right - surface right - endowment and leases.

32
Public Finance

Inputs: The study of the public finance course requires: - That this science be defined and its relationship to laws and other branches of human sciences be defined. Explanation of the three main financial instruments regulated by the science of public finance. From public revenues and public expenditures and the general budget. An applied study of the reality of revenues, expenditures, and the general budget in Syria. Outputs: Clarification of the importance of public finance for students of the Faculty of Law, and not limited to students of the Faculty of Economics and Commerce. A statement that public finance is legally studied at the Faculty of Law. So that public expenditures are studied with their components and controls. And public revenue in its legal system. And the general budget in terms of its different characteristics and stages, and to clarify that it is a law of a special nature. Vocabulary: - The study of public finance in its various stages of emergence and developments, whether neutral public finances or intervening public finances. - Identifying the three main financial instruments - public expenditures, in terms of their definition, components, and public expenditure controls. And the role of public expenditures in the financial and economic policy of the state. Public revenues in their various forms from state property revenues, fees, taxes, loans and cash issuance. In-depth knowledge of taxes and fees as one of the state's sovereign revenues. The general budget: in terms of its definition and distinction from similar financial accounts, and the features and characteristics of the general budget. The main principles of the general budget (principle of annual budget, budget unity, budget comprehensiveness, budget commonality, and budget balance). The main stages of the general budget, including preparation, approval, implementation, and implementation control.

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Public Administration

Inputs: The study of the public finance course requires: - That this science be defined and its relationship to laws and other branches of human sciences be defined. Explanation of the three main financial instruments regulated by the science of public finance. From public revenues and public expenditures and the general budget. An applied study of the reality of revenues, expenditures and the general budget in some countries.

Outputs: clarification of the importance of public finance for students of the College of Law and Justice, and not limited to students of the College of Economics and Commerce. A statement that public finance is taught in the College of Law and Justice from a legal point of view. So that public expenditures are studied with their components and controls. And public revenue in its legal system. And the general budget in terms of its different characteristics and stages, and to clarify that it is a law of a special nature.

Vocabulary: - The study of public finance in its various stages of emergence and developments, whether neutral public finances or intervening public finances. - Identifying the three main financial instruments - public expenditures, in terms of their definition, components, and public expenditure controls. And the role of public expenditures in the financial and economic policy of the state. Public revenues in their various forms from state property revenues, fees, taxes, loans and cash issuance. In-depth knowledge of taxes and fees as one of the state's sovereign revenues. The general budget: in terms of its definition and distinction from similar financial accounts, and the features and characteristics of the general budget. The main principles of the general budget (principle of annual budget, budget unity, budget comprehensiveness, budget commonality, and budget balance). The main stages of the general budget, including preparation, approval, implementation, and implementation control.

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Tax legislation

Inputs: Studying the tax legislation course requires: Studying the concept of the tax system. Determining the elements of the tax system and its main components. Introducing the main criteria that determine the scope of application of the tax law. Indicating the most important types of taxes in tax legislation.

Outputs: clarification of the importance of the tax law on the level of activity of natural and legal individuals. Providing students with a legal financial and tax culture that enables them to be aware of all aspects of economic and financial activities from a legal point of view, and to identify how to resolve tax disputes administratively and judicially as part of legal disputes.

Vocabulary: - the general concept of the tax system. The establishment and subjectivity of tax law. The impact of the tax system on economic and social development. Income taxes in tax legislation. Tax on profits from industrial, commercial and non-commercial professions. Tax on salaries and wages. Tax on the proceeds of circulating capital. Resolving tax disputes in tax legislation.

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Fundamentals of Islamic jurisprudence

Inputs: The material introduces the learner to what the legislative evidence is, namely the Qur’an, the Sunnah, consensus, analogy, approval, sent interest, custom, legislated by us, the doctrine of the Companion, companionship, and blocking pretexts, in addition to the legislative ruling and its divisions, the ruling, the condemned, and the convict. The end of obtaining the information in this course is to: - Mention the legal evidence. It identifies the textual and rational sources of Islamic legislation. Mention the legal ruling. Mentions the most important fundamental principles in Islamic jurisprudence. Mention the sections of legislative governance. Vocabulary: Defining the science of jurisprudence and stating its subject and purpose. Introducing the sources of legislation - the legislative ruling, its pillars and types. Linguistic fundamental rules (truth and metaphor, general and specific, absolute and restricted, common, abrogated and abrogated, ijtihad and taqlid) 5 - Linguistic and legislative fundamental rules.

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Civil law (subsidiary rights in rem)

Inputs: It sheds light on the in-kind guarantees aimed at reassuring the creditor by allocating money to his debtor to fulfill the debt. Which makes the creditor in an excellent position, giving him the right of priority over other ordinary and privileged creditors following him in rank, as well as giving him authority over the thing through the right to imprison it and the right to follow it until full payment. It is in kind because it represents a person’s authority over something specific by itself and subordination because it revolves around existence and non-existence with the reason for its emergence and the essence of religion.

Outputs: This course is of great operational importance because it sets the legal framework for trust in economic and financial transactions between: the creditor and the debtor “the parties to the original obligation” and others, so that the debtor, no matter how severe his debts, does not lose the right to take out credit with the security of what he owns of real estate or movables to insure his original obligations, and reassures the creditor and protects him from the risks of public security and the debtor’s insolvency or bankruptcy, and reassures others about the financial position of the debtor and protects them from any collusion between the debtor and the creditor. Vocabulary: - Introduction “historical overview” - Possessory in-kind insurances “movable - real estate” - non-possessory in-kind insurances “Conventional real estate insurances - - legal insurances

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Private International Law (Conflict of Laws)

Inputs: The problem of conflict of laws arises in connection with the relations of individuals that include a foreign element or more, as a result of the association of such relations with different national legal systems, and from here the legal thought created the so-called rules of conflict of laws or rules of attribution, whose primary task is to link the disputes arising from these relations to the most common law. Appropriateness, which is the so-called law applicable to the subject of the dispute. Outputs: The study of issues related to conflict of laws contributes to gaining the necessary knowledge for settling disputes related to several different legislations, where settlement takes place in different ways from those used in the context of settling purely national disputes, which are governed by the national law in the concerned country. Vocabulary: - Defining the general theory regulating conflict of laws - Defining the rules of attribution and determining its most important characteristics - The system of conflict of laws: - Adaptation - Referral - Attribution to a state where there are multiple laws - The nature of applicable foreign law - Pushing the public order and circumvention of the law - Syrian attribution rules - Rules relating to personal status matters - rules relating to money, real estate or movables - rules relating to contracts - rules relating to facts.

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Cyber crime

Inputs: Information crime is a relatively recent subject that has been recently introduced to law faculties. This type of newly created crime is constantly increasing, and it reflects the negative side of the age of information technologies. Therefore, it was very important to shed light on these crimes and the mechanism of dealing with them.. Outputs: Understanding the nature of information crimes and their characteristics, and a statement of the criminal policy followed by the legislator in some Arab countries. In addition to explaining the various forms of information crimes stipulated in the aforementioned laws, the methods of prosecuting their perpetrators and the digital evidence that is used in building a public case. Vocabulary: – The nature of the Internet and the crimes associated with its use. Pictures of recent crimes. General provisions for information crimes - traditional and network crimes. - Jurisdiction. The agencies concerned with combating information crimes. New methods of proof (digital evidence).

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Commercial Arbitration

Inputs: In view of the great importance of arbitration in settling disputes arising from commercial transactions, especially international ones, it was necessary to introduce it, review its types, and indicate its advantages and disadvantages, as well as addressing the mechanism of its occurrence and how to implement the judgment issued in its regard. Outputs: Developing the student’s knowledge of the concept of arbitration, introducing him to the arbitration agreement, the terms of its convening and its effects, the mechanism for appointing the members of the arbitration panel, its powers and responsibilities, and how it considers the issue of the dispute so that it can resolve it by virtue of its issuance, and clarify the implications of it, and how to appeal it. Vocabulary: The concept of arbitration. Arbitration agreement. - jury. Arbitration procedures. Arbitration award

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Legal methodology

Inputs: Shedding light on: the meaning of the legal scientific methodology as a content and method for accessing legal knowledge in particular and scientific in general, and the method of writing scientific research and its steps and parties, by reviewing the conditions that must be met by the researcher, supervisor, research and references, in order to formulate research with different objectives The formalities related to the research form and its discussion. Outputs: This course aims to provide students with everything related to the process of preparing and writing scientific research. It first shows the concept of scientific research and its importance, and the types or divisions of scientific research, whether in terms of a general nature, or in terms of the field or scientific field. Or in terms of the qualifying and academic purpose, and it also shows the scientific research methods (the inductive method, the deductive method, the historical method, and the comparative method) and how to use them. This course also deals with the scope of scientific research (personal and objective), its tools, and how the researcher collects information and data. From the various sources and references related to the research, how to record this information and data, the method of documenting it, and finally how to produce the scientific research (i.e. writing scientific research and medicine). deafness), and the way it was discussed and judged by the scientific committee that was formed for this purpose. - Vocabulary: - Introduction - Definition of research methodology and types of research - Parties to the scientific research “Researcher - Supervisor - Research material” - Stages of preparing scientific research and its conditions “Selecting the topic - References - Cataloging and libraries - Writing” - Printing and discussion.

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Private International Law (Nationality)

Inputs: Private international law constitutes a distinct branch among the various branches of law, as it falls within its substantive scope, according to the prevailing in our country, of: nationality, the legal status of foreigners, conflict of international jurisdiction and conflict of laws. The study of nationality and the status of foreigners derives its importance by defining the rights and obligations imposed on the citizen in return for the establishment of the bond of nationality, and the same applies to the foreigner when he is recognized for a specific legal status. Outputs: The study of issues related to the nationality bond contributes to clarifying the nature of this bond and determining the criteria for its establishment from the moment of the birth of the individual as well as the conditions for granting it in later periods, and the possibility of settling disputes arising in the case of grants or abstraction. For its part, the study of the legal status of foreigners also contributes to defining the concept of the foreigner from the perspective of the concerned country, determining the most important rights that he can enjoy on the territory of that country, and the most important obligations that can be imposed. Vocabulary: - Definition of private international law - Sources of private international law - Definition of nationality and its elements - Principles of regulation of nationality - Original nationality - Subsequent nationality - Effects of naturalization - Loss of nationality - Deprivation of nationality - - Jurisdiction in matters of nationality - Definition of the legal status of foreigners - General rights For foreigners - - Special rights for foreigners.

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Graduation research project
To study a bachelor's degree at ISC, applicants must have successfully completed a high school diploma, or its equivalent, from 12 years of schooling. At ISC, we believe that education should be accessible to all, which is why we offer a quality university education to anyone who desires to realize their ambitions and realize their potential.
The ISC provides study commensurate with the student's capabilities, especially in line with the student's absorption and the time allocated to study daily, given that the student may be able to study full-time and may have work that forces him to study part-time. We expect full-time students to be able to finish their undergraduate studies within 3-4 years. We expect our part-time students to be able to finish their Bachelor's degree in 5-8 years.
The academic year is divided into three semesters. In each semester, the student is allowed to register for a maximum of 6 courses and two courses as a minimum. Classes are distributed as follows: • The first semester begins at the beginning of the third week of October. In the first and second academic week, students register the courses they wish to study during the semester, and students who are late in registration can join the class during this period. The seventh week of the semester is dedicated to conducting midterm exams. The twelfth and last week of the semester is a week dedicated to the final exam. The general average and grades are issued within the week following the final exams. • The second semester begins in the last week of January. In the first and second academic week, students register the courses they wish to study during the semester, and students who are late in registration can join the class. The seventh week of the semester is dedicated to conducting midterm exams. The twelfth and last week of the semester is a week dedicated to the final exam. The general average and grades are issued within the week following the final exams. • The third semester begins in the second week of May. In the first and second academic week, students register the courses they wish to study during the semester, and students who are late in registration can join the class. The seventh week of the semester is dedicated to conducting midterm exams. The twelfth and last week of the semester is a week dedicated to the final exam. The general average and grades are issued within the week following the final exams. • The mid-term vacation begins at the beginning of August and continues for the third week of October. • After the end of each semester, a two-week vacation is scheduled. The rate is calculated as follows: • 50% for the final exam • 50% to be distributed by the course teacher for the midterm exams and the classroom activities that the student performs. • The student is considered to have passed the course if he/she achieves an average of 60%. • The student is considered conditionally successful if he achieves a grade between 50 and 60% and has an overall GPA of no less than 2.5 out of 4.0. • The student obtains a bachelor's degree after successfully completing 48 courses of 360 credit hours.
The tuition fee is £50 per credit • Students are allowed to register a maximum of 40 credits each semester and a minimum of 14 credits. • The student pays a one-time enrollment fee of 200 pounds when registering with the ISC • The student pays 100 sterling pounds per semester as the registration fee for courses. • The credits = four actual hours.
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